Light Rail Transit for Mysuru City

Light rail transit is a metropolitan electric railway system characterized by its ability to operate short trains along exclusive rights-of-way at ground level, on aerial structures, in subways or, occasionally, in streets, and to board and discharge passengers at track or car-floor level. Light rail is a form of rail-based transport that is particularly suited to distances between 10 and 50 km.

Mysuru Urban Agglomeration – 2nd biggest in Karnataka
Need Recognition:

Most Indian cities are low-rise urban trails and require medium capacity modes of transport. As per the recommendations of the working group on urban transport for the 12th Five Years’ Planning, Light Rail Transit (LRT) should be provided in all cities with a population of million plus. The Comprehensive Mobility Plan for Mysuru highlights LRT as one of the options of mass transit mode to change the travel characteristics from a primarily private mode based to a mass transport based.

Feasibility of an urban rail transport system for Mysuru:

As per the recommendations of the working group on urban transport for the 12th FYP, LRT should be provided in all cities with a population of a million plus. There are 53 cities in this category as per the 2011 census. Thus all these cities are couriers for introduction of LRT. Mysuru is one of the two urban agglomerations in Karnataka that are in the million plus population range. The Comprehensive Mobility Plan of Mysuru highlights LRT as one of the options of mass transit mode to change the travel characteristics from a primarily private mode based to a mass transport based. Hence Mysore presents an interesting choice for study location due to its inherent tourist centric and institutional character.

Transport network Characteristics in Mysuru UA

The city of Mysuru is a national tourist attraction known for its palaces and royal heritage. The Mysuru Urban Agglomeration houses a population of 1.06 million. It is administered by the Mysore Municipal Corporation for a geographical extent of 128 sqkm, and Hootagally City Municipal Council, and the Town Municipal Councils of Bogadi, Srirampura, Rammanahalli and Kadakola, which increases the over all city limits to 285 sqkm.

The core city of Mysuru consists of the Mysore palace and its surrounds. The core comprises of the old dense commercial areas, railway and bus terminals, secretariat and government offices and educational institutions. The second ring around the core consists of residential clusters, the Mysore University campus, educational institutions, Mysore zoo and other tourist attractions. The third ring abutting the outer ring road consists of clusters of manufacturing and information technology (IT) industries and upcoming residential areas. The character of the inner city is essentially defined by the palace and its surroundings, acquiring the tag of heritage city and cultural capital. The total tourist inflow to Mysuru was 3.7 million in 2018, making it one of the most visited tourist cities in the country.

Proposed routes under LRT:
Proposed routes of Light Rail Transit in Mysuru City

The existence of a definite demand corridor and high peak hour trips of up to 15,000 present a distinct opportunity for alignment of light rail in Mysuru. The first route has been identified along the north-west to the south-east of the city passing through the core, called the Palace line. The route connects the industrial cluster, the Mysore University, the city railway station and the bus station, the Mysore palace and the tourist cluster in the south-east. It would serve intercity passengers moving from the city core towards the north, north-west, comprising of the work trips in the city. It would also serve intercity tourists travelling south from the city bus station and the railway station. The operational characteristics of LRT suit the institutional and tourist character of the city. It provides connection between origin and destination zones of trips and would generate a daily ridership of 6 lakhs. It is assumed to have a shift of 15% from other modes, mostly 2-wheelers, cars and private tourist vehicles. Ridership of existing public transport system is not expected to reduce by not more than 2%.

The second route is identified along the north-south axis from the northern end of the Mysuru conurbation, till the southern end, called the North-South line. This route is designed to capture the regional traffic entering and leaving the city which forms 26% of the daily traffic volume. The route would serve to decongest the city core by restricting regional traffic to the outskirts of the city. The route would generate a daily ridership of 8 lakh passengers. The routes are expected to decongest the city by making a modal shift from 2-wheelers and private modes.

Proposed design of Mid block and station area intersection on 30 m wide roads of Mysuru

LRT provides a more feasible mode of transport compared to Metro rail & BRTS in terms of ridership & cost, for a medium sized city like Mysuru. The study insists that LRT can be seamlessly integrated into the existing land use & transport of Mysuru city. The study proposes 43.5 KM of ‘feasible’ LRT corridors, which could be constructed in 3 phases. Apart from the proposed routes, seamless connectivity between the city centre & Mysuru Airport can also be achieved through LRT, which increases the total length of this urban rail system to 55.5 KM. Thus, it is clearly evident that LRT helps in decongesting Mysuru city without depriving the other modes of their right of road space. It ideally integrates land use and transportation in the city, making it future ready to accommodate the ever increasing population and matching its industrial growth.

Reference:

https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.735.3838&rep=rep1&type=pdf

Beautiful Roads of Namma Mysuru

Mysuru City is truly blessed to have great road connectivity not only with its neighbouring cities, but with all the neighbouring states as well. The city has radial and gridiron pattern road network with arterial roads originating from the city centre. Palace is the focal point of origin of all arterial roads running radially to outer areas of the city. The city has 5 main arterial roads, which are also the State & National Highways. These important entry and exit routes of Mysuru are;

  • Mysuru – Bengaluru and Ooty
  • Mysuru – Bannur and Kanakapura
  • Mysuru – Hunsur and Mangaluru
  • Mysuru – Heggadadevana Kote and Manantvady

Not just the highways, even the city roads are well kept and maintained annually, thanks to the world famous Mysuru Dasara festival.

Outer Ring Road

The total road network in the city was 335 kilometers in 1971. It increased to 432 kilometers in 1981, which accounts for 29% of increase over a decade. There are 48 main roads in the city covering a total length of around 58 kms. As on 2001, the total length of all types of roads was about 1773 km. This figure might go up to to approximately 2500 km in 2021, due to the creation of Bruhat Mysuru, incorporating Hootagalli CMC, Bogadi, Srirampura, Kadakola & Rammanahalli TPs

Road in a Private layout, located in Varuna, 5 KM from ORR, on T-Narasipura Road

The road network of the city includes three ring roads viz. outer ring road, intermediate ring road and inner ring road and also arterials roads, sub-arterial roads, collector roads and others. The three ring roads not only collect traffic from other roads but also act as by-pass roads at their respective locations in order to avoid congestion especially at the core of the city. The 3 ring roads are;

  • Outer Ring Road
  • Intermediate Ring Road
  • Inner Ring Road

Outer Ring Road

Outer Ring Road (ORR) around Mysore City was conceived to divert the traffic from the city area, which are crossing through the city and minimize the congestion within the city. The entire length of ORR takes off from Bangalore – Mysore Road and circumferences Mysore City on the western side crossing KRS Road, Hunsur Road, Bogadi Road, HD Kote Road and joins the Ooty Road near the Regulated Market; and in the eastern side crossing Bannur Road and joins Mahadevpura Road.

Outer Ring Road

ORR is a 45 metre wide, 8 lane road with 6 lane major carriageway and 2 single lane service roads on either sides. ORR was constructed by MUDA as a 2 lane road initially and converted to the present 8 lane expressway with the central aid of ₹256 crores, under JNNURM project.

Outer Ring Road

As of now, ORR has been handed over to National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) and is currently being upgraded to NHAI standards with an additional aid of ₹140 crores.

Outer Ring Road Upgradation Work in Progress

Intermediate Ring Road

Bogadi Road, which cuts across Manasa Gangotri Campus of Mysore University.

The Intermediate Ring Road is not a new alignment. The Intermediate Ring Road starts from new Kantharaja Urs road, passes through Vishwamanava Double Road, Bogadi Road, Open Air theatre Road, Hunsur Road and Gokulam Road.

Vishwamanava Double Road

This road then continues through Manjunathapura, in front of Ideal Jawa up to Highway Circle and then passes through Bannimanatapa, old Bangalore – Mysore Road, Hyderali road, Karanji Tank Bund Road, Race Course road, Bangalore – Nilgiri Road, J.L.B Road to join Kantharaja Urs road.

Kantharaja Urs Road

Inner Ring Road

Chamaraja Double Road, which houses the world famous Amba Vilasa (Mysore) Palace

The inner ring road is also not a new road but its alignment is proposed along the existing roads and the width is proposed to be widened to 30 m. The inner ring road starts from Sawday Road and passes through Bangalore-Nilgiri Road, Chamaraja Double road, J.L.B Road, Shesadri Iyer road and then joins Sawday Road.

JLB Road
KR Circle – Heart of Mysuru City

Major Roads in the City

Mysuru City is famous for its wide stretch of roads. There are 10s of Kilometres of beautifully maintained avenues that attract tourist alike. Some of the very important road stretches are showcased here.

D Devaraja Urs (DD URS) Road
DD Urs Road

D. Devaraj Urs Road is the most prominent shopping street of Mysore city in Karnataka state, India. This street is also the center of the downtown or the Central business district area in the city. In post office parlance, Devaraj Urs road is known as Mysore One.

Devaraja Urs Road during a busy night

Sayyaji Rao Road
Sayyaji Rao Road, before white-toping

Sayyaji Rao Road is popularly known as Rajamarga, since the Jamboo Savaari Procession on the tenth day of Dasara festival happens on this road. Sayyaji Rao Road is a very Important commercial road of Mysuru City and even in terms of heritage, it houses major landmark monuments like Devaraja Market, Lansdowne Market, Samskuta Pathashala, Chamarajendra Academy of Visual Arts (CAVA), Krishna Rajendra Hospital, Central Library of Mysuru, Government Ayurvedic College, etc.

Sayyaji Rao Road, from KR Circle till Ayurveda College

Sayyaji Rao Road is the most important road for Mysureans both in terms of culture & heritage. In fact, this road is a matter of pride for any Mysurean.


Irwin Road
Irwin Road, opposite Cheluvamba Hospital

Irwin Road is also a very important road in Mysuru City. It starts from Mysuru Railway Station, runs through Nehru Circle and ends at Mysore Gate, next to KSRTC sub-urban bus stand. It consists of important landmarks of the city such as Jamia Masjid, Central Library, Divisional head quarters of Mysuru Railway Zone, etc.

Jamia Masjid, which will lose its beautiful minarets after widening of Irwin Road

Lord Irwin was the chief architect of the world famous Mysore Palace, and this road is named after him to honour his exemplary service for the then princely state of Mysore.

The stretch of Irwin road between Ayurveda College circle till Nehru Circle was very narrow, and witnessed frequent traffic jams. Hence, a project to widen the road by demolishing the structures built along it was conceptualised and the work is now in progress.

Newly Widened Irwin Road

Albert Victor Road
Albert Victor Road, part of Raja Marga

Albert Victor road is the epitome of Mysuru’s heritage, as it hosts all the major structures one thinks of, when it comes to Mysuru. The Mysore Palace, Jayachamaraja Wadiyar Circle, Chamarajendra Wadiyar Circle, Nalwadi Krishna Raja Circle, Silver Jubilee Clock Tower, Curzon Park, Rangacharlu memorial Townhall, all are situated on this beautiful concrete 4 lane road, which connects Harding’s Circle with Devaraja Urs Road.


Krishna Raja Boulevard
Krishnaraja Boulevard

Krishnaraja Boulevard is is an important road located on the southern side of Mysore between Saraswathipuram and Ballal Circle.

Oriental Research Institute
Old District Commissioner’s Office

This double road is dotted with many historic buildings like the Oriental Research Institute, Maharaja’s College, Deputy Commissioner’s Office, the District Court Complex, Urs Boarding School, College of Architecture, Yuvaraja’s College and the Crawford Hall. This single road stretch alone adds great historic value to the city of Mysuru & its rich heritage.

Crawford Hall – Administrative Building of UOM lit-up during Dasara festival.

Mysuru is blessed with many more beautiful roads, each of which have a story to tell. When you visit our city, please pay attention to these roads as well, along with other heritage structures. Each road will mesmerise you with its own heritage!


Photo Gallery

Video Gallery
Hakka-Bukka Grade Seperator, Mysore’s first flyover situated on NH 275 – Hunsur Road
Work in progress – 10 lane NH 275 between Bengaluru & Mysuru
Time lapse – NH 275 from Periyapatna to Hunsur
Time lapse – Picturesque Chamundi Hills Road
Time Lapse – Mysuru-Nanjangud road, connecting the city centre with Mysuru Airport

References:

Mysore State Railway – A Rail Link To Our History

Panoramic View of Mysuru Railway Junction

Mysore is a city which is known for many firsts. India’s first largest dam – KRS, First in Asia to generate electricity, First Kingdom in India to get electric street lights, first kingdom to offer reservation to under privileged, first kingdom to open exclusive schools for women, first kingdom to create a democratic body – “Praja Pratinidhi Sabhe” just like the upper house of our current parliament, etc.

Emblem of Mysore State Railway

But, many of us don’t know that Mysore Kingdom was the first princely state of British Raj to have its own railway! The person who made this possible was the then Maharaja of Mysore Kingdom, His Highness, Sri Chamaraja Wadiyar X

HH Maharaja Sri Chamaraja Wadiyar X

Long before a state owned railway operated in our country, Mysore Kingdom had its own Railways. Rulers of the erstwhile Mysore Kingdom had established Mysore State Railway to focus on the development of railway infrastructure within the kingdom, at a time when the entire railway network in the country was operated by private companies.

Old Mysuru Railway Station

Two years after Chamaraja Wadiyar X was proclaimed the ruler of Mysore Kingdom, Mysore State Railways was established to take up the project to lay rail line between Mysore and Bangalore, in 1870. MSR was constituted to focus on railway development on the lines of Madras Railway Company which had a rail link between Royapuram and Bangalore City.

Red lines shows the Mysore State Railway in 1931.

By 1881, when Wadiyar became the king, MSR had opened 58 miles of rail lines for traffic. During his short reign of just 13 years, he added 315 miles of rail tracks investing ₹164 lakh, including Mysore- Bangalore line opened in 1881 & Mysore – Nanjangud line, opened in 1891. This has been officially recorded in The Mysore Gazetteer. However, shortly later, all the lines laid and operated by Mysore State Railway were handed over to Southern Mahratta Railway Company as maintaining the lines became a burden on the state exchequer.

Queen Regent Kempananjammanni of Vanivilasa Sannidhana, wife of HH Sri Chamaraja Wadiyar X

After the passing of HH, Maharani Vani Vilasa Sannidhana became the Queen Regent. She continued to invest in developing railway infrastructure. The Birur-Shimoga line was constructed during her tenure by spending Rs 23 lakh. The line was opened for traffic on December 1, 1899.

HH Rajarshi Sri Nalwadi Krishna Raja Wadiyar, maker of the Modern Mysore Kingdom

When HH Sri Nalwadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar took over as Maharaja, he set up a railway construction department. The Mysore state then signed a new contract with the Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway Company (SMR) for the operation of the lines constructed by the MSR in 1908. In 1907 the lease was extended. From 1912, the Maharaja began construction of railway lines within the boundaries of his kingdom. Between 1916 and 1918, Mysore opened 232 miles of railway to traffic. The state also added 105 more miles of rail lines between 1921 and 1934.

From 1 January 1938, all the leased lines were reverted back to the control of the State of Mysore, creating a homogenous division of 740 miles of railway lines. In 1950, Mysore State Railway was nationalised and in 1951 it became part of Southern Railway, one of the then newly formed zones of Indian Railways, thus ending the legacy of the royal rails, which was developed as the pride of a once Majestic Kingdom.

History and Future of Civil Aviation in Mysuru

Mysore Airport, is an airport serving Mysuru city. It is located near the village of Mandakalli, 10 kilometres south of the city, and is owned and operated by the Airport Authority of India.

History

Front View of the Mysuru Airport

The airport’s history dates to the 1940s, when it was constructed by the Kingdom of Mysore. Passenger service, training flights of the Indian Air Force and other operations took place at Mysore Airport during its first several decades.

In 1940, the Princely State of Mysore had established the airport on 290 acres of land. Following Indian independence in 1947, the Government of Karnataka assumed control of the airfield. The Ministry of Civil Aviation took control in 1950. Passenger service to Bangalore using Dakota aircraft began, but it did not last long as people found travel by road to be faster.

Back View of the Mysuru Airport

Afterwards, the airfield was used by charter flights carrying foreign tourists and by flights transporting dignitaries to the city. The Indian Air Force operated training flights at the airport as well. In 1985, regional airline Vayudoot commenced thrice weekly flights from Bangalore. At the time, Mysore Airport consisted solely of a grass airstrip and a one-roomed terminal with one toilet. Because of low passenger loads, the flights ended in 1990.

Few years later, on October 1, 2010, Kingfisher airlines started operations. Due to company crisis, Kingfishers stopped all operations from October 2011 onward. The newly upgraded airport was left unused for 14 months until SpiceJect began flights to Chennai on January 14, 2013.

UDAN, a central government scheme to boost domestic civil aviation gave a new lease of life to Mysuru airport, by sanctioning 10 new flights under the scheme

Infrastructure

Areal View of the Mysuru Airport

Spreading on an area of 661 acres, the airport at Mysore has limited number of flights from Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kochi, Goa & Belagavi. The runway at the airport measures 1,858 meters. At present, ground lighting facilities are not available at the Mysore airport.

There is only one domestic terminal at the airport which has the capacity to handle 200 passengers during peak hours. The terminal is well equipped with all the required amenities like baggage services, free trolleys, book stall, medicine store, juice and snacks corner, magazine stalls and provision of duty free shopping. Also, wheel chair assistance is available for the aged as well as physically challenged passengers.

Future Plans

Night View of The Mysuru Airport

New development works at the Mandakalli Airport in Mysuru have picked up pace to attract more air travellers.

Elaborating on the new development projects, new Runway Underpass will come up on the right side of the Airport building for more accessibility. This under bridge will provide easy access to the Airport and also help evacuate people from the building in case of emergencies. The Detailed Project Report (DPR) has already been prepared and tenders are expected to be floated soon after approvals.

Proposed Runway Underbridge at Mysuru Airport, which will be first of it’s kind in the country

The Bureau of Civil Aviation Authority has already issued security clearance for the proposed underpass in which the existing four-lane National Highway 766 will pass below the runway. Once the project is completed, it will be the first-of-its-kind airport in the country, where the runway will be over the underpass. We see this kind of Airports only in foreign countries.

For the expansion of the current runway to to 7,900 feet and 45 metres, around 300 acres of extra land is required. The process to acquire land is already on. This allows jet aircraft such as Boeing 737 and Airbus A320 to land at Mysore Airport.

Connectivity

Time lapse of Mysuru Airport – Mysuru City Roadway

Since Mysore Airport is just a few kilometres away from the main city centre, the passengers can easily find buses, taxis, and auto rickshaws. Moreover, one can easily find car hire companies near the airport as well. Some of the famous car hire companies operating in Mysore are Alpha Travel House, Guru Tours, and Travels, Skyway international Travels, Travel India, FCM Travel Solutions and Safe Wheels Tours and Travels.

Occupancy

The occupancy rates of both incoming and outgoing flights from Mysuru have reached a new high, triggering interest among private airlines keen to operate from the city. The average occupancy rate of both incoming and outgoing flights to Hyderabad is at 94% per cent while it was 86% in case of flights to Chennai. Occupancy rates of flights to Kochi and Goa introduced recently under UDAN 3 are also above 72%. Of the flights operating out of Mysuru, it is only the Bengaluru route that is relatively less patronised. It has an average occupancy rate of 58% which is also considered good.

As on date there are 16 flights at Mysuru airport and 43,738 travellers have used the airport in that last quarter, which is a 120% increase compared to previous year. A total of 808 flights have flown to and from Mysuru airport during this time.

Future looks good for civil aviation in Mysuru region with many plans to upgrade Mysuru airport and also a nee proposal to build a greenfield International Airport at Shettihalli in Srirangapattana, to compliment the Kempegowda International Airport, Bangalore.

Ramakrishna Ashrama, Mysuru

Ramakrishna Paramahamsa Temple at Rama Krishna Ashram, Yadavagiri, Mysuru

Sri Ramakrishna Ashrama, Mysuru was established on 11th June 1925 by Swami Siddheswarananda an initiated disciple of Swami Brahmananda. In 1932 the Maharaja of Mysore made a grant which enabled construction of a small building and for holding a Vedanta study circle for Swamis. Many reputed scholars took classes for Monks and Brahmacharis who came from various centres of the Ramakrishna Order.

A devotee performing sashtanga Pranaam in front of the portraits of Swamy Rama Krishna Paramahamsa, Swamy Vivekananda and mathe Sharada Devi inside the Temple

All our stalwart monks were studying in this Mysore study circle. The Mysore study circle was in a way the nucleus of the now well established Training Centre for the monastic probationers in Belur Math. The literary colossus of Karnataka, K.V Puttappa (Kuvempu) had his initial training in Mysore Ashrama during his student days, and he had his spiritual initiation from Swami Shivananda, a direct disciple of Sri Ramakrishna. Swami Ranganathanandaji Maharaj the 13th president of the Ramakrishna Order joined the order in Mysore and had his initial training for 9 years.

Ashrama Timings:

  • Daily 5 am to 12 noon and 3.30 pm to 8.30 pm
  • Mangalarati: 5 AM
  • Chanting : 7 am
  • Puja : 9 AM
  • Evening Arati: 7 PM– 7.45 PM

Activities:

  • Publication of Kannada books: 26 new titles and 130 reprints were brought out this year; total number of titles: 436.
  • Publication of a monthly magazine in Kannada, titled Viveka Prabha (19th year with 13,840 subscribers).
  • A library with 18,630 books and 20 newspapers and periodicals.
  • A Yuvaka Sangha (attended by 25 youths).
  • Cleanliness drives and awareness campaign.
  • Regular worship and bhajans, and fortnightly Ramnam Sankirtan, regular scriptural classes, occasional lectures at different places, and retreats for students, devotees, etc.
  • Celebration of local festivals and the birth anniversaries of Sri Ramakrishna, Holy Mother Sri Sarada Devi, Swami Vivekananda and other spiritual luminaries.
  • Vivek Shikshana – free supplementary coaching classes for 391 students.
  • Two units of Gadadhar Abhyudaya Prakalpa with 121 underprivileged children.
Rama Krishna Vidya Shala, Yadavagiri, Mysuru
  • Sri Ramakrishna Vidyashala, a residential higher secondary school for boys, stands on an extensive plot of land, a five- minute walk from the It had 428 students this year. The school offers the following facilities:
    • A library (21,102 books), an astronomical observatory with a computerized telescope, a knowledge park and a nature classroom.
    • An audiovisual theatre, a bakery and a
    • A swimming pool, twenty-two playgrounds including an outdoor stadium, an indoor stadium, a multi-gym and an NCC unit.
RIMSE Campus, Yadavagiri, Mysuru
  • The Ramakrishna Institute of Moral and Spiritual Education (RIMSE), is a premier institution for higher education working in the field of imparting human values since its inception in 1970. The Institute is recognized as a nodal centre for values education by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. Activities of the unit are:
    • Two-year B.Ed. course, with moral and spiritual education as one of the compulsory subjects, (48 students).A library with 30,903 books.
    • Short-term values education courses for teachers and values orientation workshops for industrial workers and management staff.
    • Personality development programmes for students and residential spiritual retreats for devotees and youths.
    • Rural and tribal welfare work at B R Hills and Tenkanamole village in Chamarajanagar district.
Decorated temple at Rama Krisha Ashrama, Yadavagiri, Mysuru

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